Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions: Challenges of War, Terrorism, and Civil Disorder

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Establish tracking systems of sources and destinations for weapons. Develop a Geneva-like Convention on cyber and information warfare. Implement Sustainable Development Goal peace, justice, and inclusiveness. The vast majority of the world is living in peace and trans-border wars are increasingly rare.

Yet half the world has the potential to become violently unstable due to a combination of growing inequality, increasing unemployment, rising prices of food, falling water tables, abuses of elite power, outdated institutional structures, organized crime, terrorist groups, limited access to natural and social resources, and inadequate legal and governance systems. The diplomatic, foreign policy, military, and legal systems to address the new asymmetrical threats have yet to be established. The UN, NATO, and other security structures are based on the nation-state as the primary decisionmaking entity, which has become increasingly inadequate.

The lone actor phenomenon adds a new dimension to the global security landscape, not only from a safety point of view, but most of all, ethical and legal perspectives. The combination of thought and feelings with the capability of new technologies and data availability became the most powerful weapon, available to almost anyone interested. To prevent this, three areas should be developed: 1 mesh networks of nanotech sensors and other advanced technology to detect such threats; 2 mental health and education systems to detect and treat individuals who might otherwise grow up to use such weapons; and 3 roles and responsibilities for the public to detect potential SIMADs.

These approaches have complex legal and constitutional issues that are not yet resolved. In mid, there were In local areas where political, environmental, and economic conditions worsen, increasing migrations can be expected, which in turn can create new conflicts.

Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions

Future effects of climate change could create up to million migrants by , which could further increase conditions for conflict. Since conflict and environmental degradation exacerbate each other, their spectrum and severity could expand unless they are addressed together, as a system. As a result, environmental security is increasingly dominating national and international agendas, shifting defense and geopolitical paradigms. Increased attention is being given to environmental security and other non-traditional security strategies for addressing the root causes of unrest and protecting individuals as well as sovereign states.

Militaries will have to focus on social and environmental conditions as well as battlefields and soldiers, forcing new financial prioritization. Military expenditures in North America, Western Europe, and Central Europe are decreasing, while they are increasing in all other regions. At the same time, they called for further consolidation of the global effort to secure radiological material.

The Third Industrial Revolution: A Radical New Sharing Economy

As of April 28, , the US had 1, deployed strategic warheads and Russia had 1, The tensions have increased in recent months as China is increasingly strengthening its efforts in the SCS. One response has been militarization. China and India are investing heavily in their military forces, particularly naval procurement, as are many of the states in Asia and Oceania. The sources of these assaults are tough to identify, and this makes retribution problematic. Even when the source is verified, it is difficult to formulate an appropriate response.


  1. Making Big Ideas Happen™;
  2. Water Stress is Helping Drive Conflict and Migration | World Resources Institute.
  3. Water Stress is Helping Drive Conflict and Migration;

Unlike nuclear protection and deterrence, cyberwar defense has to more fully include corporations and individuals, forcing a fundamental re-conceptualization of protection, deterrence, and defense itself. Increasingly, conflict includes advanced foot soldiers as nodes in vast networks of war machines, with combatants thousands of miles away controlling drones overhead.

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Cyber-weapons, special operations, and unmanned sensors and vehicles are becoming the key military elements of the future. All of this makes satellites prime wartime targets.

The new security paradigm is actually about fighting a philosophy. But when fighting a philosophy, there has to be another acceptable one to replace it, respecting complex cultural, religious, ideological and ethical aspects. Right now, we fight the philosophy that guides the terrorists and lone actors—be it based on religious extremism or social discontent—but do little to offer an alternative, except the rhetoric about a freedom that does not resonate with them. Thus, this new security paradigm requires innovative strategies by both security organizations and society to help address the conditions that favor the spread of threatening ideas.

Offering all those young people opportunities, instead of weapons or responding with violence would have a higher probability of leading to peace and stability worldwide. Peace strategies without love, compassion, or spiritual outlooks are less likely to work because intellectual or rational approaches alone are not likely to overcome the emotional divisions that prevent peace. Conflict prevention and solution efforts should include NGOs, and work with all the related factions, including personal and Internet conversations with hardline groups and their potential recruits, taking into consideration their emotional and spiritual sensibilities.

Massive public education programs are needed to promote respect for diversity and the oneness that underlies that diversity. It is less expensive and more effective to attack the root causes of unrest than to stop explosions of violence.

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Cross-cultural dialogues are flourishing, and intra-state conflicts are increasingly being settled by international interventions. Some believe that the collective mind of humanity can contribute to peace or conflict, and hence we can think ourselves into a more peaceful future. While destruction of the environment has long been part of warfare, it has become increasingly important as environmental pressures have intensified in our time.

Kundrecensioner

Focusing on the challenges and issues that arise for those contemplating a way forward in the wake of catastrophic upheavals, Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions takes a broad-based and integrative approach. What emerges is that the post-WWII reconstruction or nation-building perspectives are inadequate and inappropriate to most of the contemporary post-conflict challenges--a successful response requires a sustainable development approach, and Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions is a preliminary exploration of this complex subject.

People and Other Creatures on the Move.

Sustainable development in crisis conditions : challenges of war, terrorism, and civil disorder Phillip J. Schrijf een review. E-mail deze pagina. Auteur: Phillip J. Cooper Claudia Maria Vargas.

Phillip J. Cooper

Co-auteur: Phillip Cooper Phillip J. Samenvatting In the midst of great crisis, it is difficult to contemplate the future. In recent decades, determining what kind of future to imagine has been an ongoing challenge for millions of people around the world who have been subjected to war, terrorism, and civil disorder. While destruction of the environment has long been part of warfare, it has become increasingly important as environmental pressures have intensified in our time.

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Focusing on the challenges and issues that arise for those contemplating a way forward in the wake of catastrophic upheavals, Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions takes a broad-based and integrative approach. What emerges is that the post-WWII reconstruction or nation-building perspectives are inadequate and inappropriate to most of the contemporary post-conflict challenges—a successful response requires a sustainable development approach, and Sustainable Development in Crisis Conditions is a preliminary exploration of this complex subject.

Toon meer Toon minder. Recensie s Crises present opportunities for societies to remake themselves beyond emergency relief and reconstruction, and creative partnerships can emerge across the boundaries of conflict. This is essential reading for both peace makers and development practitioners alike.